10 Steps To Become An Ethical Hacker:
Before understanding how to become an ethical hacker, let us understand how to become an ethical hacker in 2022.
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Step 1: Practice using LINUX/UNIX
Better computer system security is ensured by the open-source LINUX/UNIX operating system. Since Linux is one of the most frequently used operating systems for hacking, you should be familiar with it if you want to be an ethical hacker. It gives hackers a lot of tools. Red Hat Linux, Ubuntu, Kali Linux, Back Track, and other popular Linux distributions are just a few examples. The most well-known Linux operating system created specifically for hacking is Kali Linux.
Step 2: Opt for the Mother of all Programming Languages
C is considered to be one of the earliest programming languages and is also known as the mother of all programming languages. Since this operating system was entirely written in C, learning C serves as the foundation for learning UNIX/LINUX. Therefore, in order to fully utilize the open-source operating system Linux, hackers must master C programming.
To gain an advantage, try learning multiple programming languages. A programmer who practices ethical hacking and is proficient in two to three programming languages can dissect and evaluate a piece of code. The following are some of the top programming languages for hackers:
Python: widely used for writing exploits
PHP: Aids in the defense against nefarious intruders
Best for breaking into large databases is SQL
Step 3: Master the Art of Anonymity
Learning how to remain anonymous online and hide your identity is the most crucial step in ethical hacking because it leaves no evidence behind and makes you impossible to track down. If a Black hat hacker discovers that there is another user in the network, they may attempt to hack that user’s system because ethical hackers frequently are unaware of who else is using the same network. Anonymity is therefore essential for ethical hackers as well. The three most promising methods for protecting your identity are Anon surf, Proxy chains, and Mac Changer.
Step 4: Learn the Basics of Networking
For ethical hackers, understanding networking concepts and how they are made is essential. Exploiting vulnerabilities requires knowledge of various networks and protocols. The difficulties in the field can be overcome by an ethical hacker who has in-depth knowledge of networking tools like Neap, Wireshark, and others. Several significant networking ideas include:
CIDR and Network Masks
Protocol for Simple Network Management
Block of Server Messages
Internet Domain Service (DNS)
Protocol for Address Resolution
Networks for Bluetooth
Networks for SCADA (Modbus)
Vehicle Networks (CAN)
Step 5: Navigate the Secret Web
The dark web refers to the portion of the internet that is hidden or invisible to search engines. Access requires specialized authorization or software. The dark web can be accessed through the anonymous Tor browser. Although the dark web is a haven for criminal activity, not all of it is unlawful. The dark web has a legitimate side as well, and ethical hackers need to understand how it operates.
Step 6: Develop your skill set in secret writing
For an ethical hacker, cryptography or secret writing is a valuable skill. Hacking requires mastery of encryption and decryption arts. Information security uses encryption for a number of purposes, including authentication, data integrity, confidentiality, and more. On a network, important data is always encrypted, including passwords. Hackers must develop the skills necessary to recognize and decrypt encryption.
Step 7: Research hacking more thoroughly
Once you’ve covered everything there is to know about hacking, go in-depth and learn about things like SQL injections, penetration testing, vulnerability analysis, and more. Keep up with the most recent system security updates, as well as the newest hacking and system security tools and techniques.
Step 8: Explore Vulnerabilities
System weaknesses or gaps are called vulnerabilities. Acquire the skill of scanning networks and systems for security gaps. Ethical hackers may also attempt to identify and exploit their system’s vulnerabilities. Following are a few tools used by the Kali Linux operating system to identify vulnerabilities:
Nessus Vulnerability Scanner: Finds flaws in a variety of systems, including web applications.
Detects vulnerabilities on networked devices using the OpenVAS vulnerability scanner.
Web server vulnerabilities are acknowledged by the Nitko Vulnerability Scanner.
Identifies vulnerabilities across multiple targets with the Neap Vulnerability Scanner.
Web application problems like XSS and SQL injection are found by the Wapiti Vulnerability Scanner.
Step 9: Practice and Experiment to Master Hacking
The secret to being successful in the field of hacking is practice and experimentation. Ethical hackers must put their newly learned concepts into practice in a variety of settings and circumstances. Check out different attacks, tools, and more.
Step 10: Attend Discussions and Meet Expert Hackers
Create a community or sign up for forums to engage in discussions with other hackers from around the world to share information and collaborate. There are a number of communities on platforms like Facebook, Telegram, and Discord.
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