Today we talk about Mentha / Peppermint farming techniques. For this, the government is taking many measures from time to time like loan waivers, loan schemes, cheap fertilizers and seeds etc. With time, farmers have also become aware, and now instead of traditional crops, cash crops have also started giving prominence. Let us know the techniques of cultivation of Mentha, the herbicide in the cultivation of Mentha, medicine to increase Mentha, the herbicide in Mentha, the herbicide in Mentha, method of weed control in the cultivation of Mentha and how to do the cultivation of peppermint. Swaraj 963 tractor is best for this farming.
Cultivation of Mentha
It planted from February to mid-April in many parts of the country, including UP. Therefore, 15 January to 15 February is the most suitable time to harvest Mentha. The crop planted at this time produces more oil. India is the largest producer of Mentha in the world. Many districts of western UP of the country have a monopoly in the production of Mentha, and the farmers of UP have started planting Mentha. For delayed sowing, the plants were prepared in the nursery and transplanted in the field from March to the first week of April. For late Mentha cultivation, choose a suitable variety of Kosi. Swaraj 717 is an excellent tractor model for commercial farming.
Mentha oil production was very high in the current season. About 75 per cent of the mentha oil produced in the country is exported. Therefore, more foreign demand than domestic plays a significant role in setting prices.
Time to Plant
Mentha roots are sown in the nursery in August. The nursery made in a high place so that it prevented from waterlogging. Water should be drained when it rains heavily.
Both nursery and roots used for transplanting Mentha, but the yield obtained from the nursery more than that of sowing the seeds. For the greenhouse, prepare the field at a small place and make beds and keep rinsing it by planting the roots in a very dense amount. In this way, the buds emerging from those roots are prepared, helpful in transplanting.
Plant Mentha in the field
Mentha should be put in the queue. The line to line distance should be 45 cm, and the plant to plant distance should be 15 cm. But if this transplant planted after harvesting wheat, then the distance between the line and line should be 30 cm, and the distance between plant and plant should be about 10 cm.
Mentha cultivation techniques
If you want to sow Mentha, then line spacing should be 30-40 cm for Japanese Mentha, 45-60 cm for indigenous and 15 cm between the sowing of Japanese Mentha. Plant the roots 3 to 5 cm deep. Try to give light irrigation immediately after transplanting. For sowing and transplanting, 8 to 10 cm pieces of 4-5 quintal roots are suitable.
Irrigation of Mentha depends on the type and temperature of the soil and the winds. After this, irrigation continued at 20-25 days, and irrigation necessary after harvesting.
Weed control in Mentha cultivation For weed control by weed control chemicals, dissolve 3.3 per litre of Pendimenthalin 30 EC in 700-800 litres of water and spray it as soon as possible after sowing and transplanting.
Know about significant pests and diseases of Mentha
Termites damage the roots of Mentha, resulting in a terrible effect on the deposit. Due to their infestation, the plants dry up completely. Use Chlorpyriphos 2.5 per litre hectare along with irrigation in standing crop.
leaf coating pest
Its nectar is eaten by coating the leaves. For its prevention, spray Monocratphos 36 EC 10 litres per hectare by dissolving in 600 to 700 litres of water.
In this disease, greenish-brown spots appear on the leaves. Due to this, the leaves turn yellow and start falling independently. To diagnose this disease, spray Mancojob 75PWP, a fungicide mixed with 2 kg at the rate of 600 to 800 litres per hectare.
The right time to harvest Mentha
We usually harvest the mentha crop twice. About 100 to 120 days after the first harvest, the buds appear in the plants. Harvesting done at the height of 4 to 5 cm from the ground surface. Do second harvesting only after 70 to 80 days. Later, after harvesting, leave the plants in open sunlight for 2 to 3 hours, and after drying the harvested crop lightly in the shade, quickly remove it from the oil by distillation method. In two cuttings, you will get about 250 to 300 quintals or 125-150 kg oil will obtained at the rate of per hectare.
Know the uses of Mentha
We use Mentha for a variety of medicinal properties. It is used in large quantities in medicines, pan masala fragrances, beverages, cigarettes etc.
Along with this, medicines for preventing many diseases are also made from mentha and eucalyptus oil. Apart from this, these medicines most commonly used to avoid arthritis.